The M-cube phenomenon

‘The Universe is a pretty big place. If it’s just us, seems like an awful waste of space.’

                                                                                                                                                            – Carl Sagan

I make it a point to begin or end my articles with a quote. Not just any quote, but something that makes me read it twice.

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A hundred years ago, Baron Munchausen landed on Mars. In his adventures the legendary and unfortunately fictional character had gone deep underwater. Not surprisingly, he meets a Martian in his fable. But what is the Martian’s countenance? Bug-eyed with elf like ears? Blue eyes sans nose? Is it after all human-like? These questions plague us till date. It has been a hundred years and after thousands of hours of research, innovation and relentless pursuit we have finally reached the culmination (or, have we?) of engendering a Manned Mission to Mars.

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A few months ago, some sharp-eyed observers of images from the Curiosity rover were convinced that they’d spotted a mouse on the planet’s surface. As Redditors poured over the grainy, zoomed-in photo, they were unknowingly participating in a long history of humans’ speculation of the Martian life—either through science or fiction. And the key element to this mission is the Orion spacecraft – named after the easily spotted and majestic constellation (now you can guess why there is an Orion at NIT Trichy).

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Orion is the first spacecraft ever built in the history of mankind which would take us earthlings, and along with us the entire mankind a step closer to discovering the unheard secrets of our Universe by taking us farther than we have ever dared to embark upon. Carried aloft by the tremendous power of a Space Launch System rocket, our explorers will begin their Journey to Mars from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, carrying the spirit of humanity with them to the Red Planet.

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2 days ago NASA successfully fired up its second and final qualification test of the booster in Promontory, Utah. The gravitational pull exerted by Earth, while helpful in most cases, proves to be a nuisance here. To break away from this intense connection, the temperatures inside have to reach a scorching 6000 degree Celsius. This booster is expected to provide 75% of the thrust which is much required. To give you a frame of reference, Sun’s surface temperature is roughly 6000 degree Celsius. This 2 minute test will be providing NASA with enough information to certify the booster with a green check and proceed to the next stage. Isn’t that questionably amazing?

What is the next step you ask? An uncrewed, first of the series of flight tests of Orion of which the first one is scheduled on December 4, 2016. A Thursday. During its 4.5 hour trip, Orion will orbit Earth twice and travel to an altitude of 3,600 miles into space. This is critical. To test how deep the well is you don’t jump inside. You throw a pebble and wait for the faint sound. In this case, nobody knows if the well has even a reachable end.

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This flight will test many elements that pose the greatest risks to astronauts and will provide the data needed to improve the design and minimize future risks.

To give a short glimpse into an insider’s opinion,

“Today’s test is the pinnacle of years of hard work by the NASA team, Orbital ATK and commercial partners across the country,” said John Honeycutt, SLS Program manager at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. “SLS hardware is currently in production for every part of the rocket. NASA also is making progress every day on Orion and the ground systems to support a launch from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. We’re on track to launch SLS on its first flight test with Orion and pave the way for a human presence in deep space.”

If everything goes as planned, our species will land on an asteroid by 2025 and on Mars by 2030s. These are not just whims, rather goals outlined in the bipartisan NASA Authorization Act of 2010 and in the U.S. National Space Policy, also issued in 2010.

Did you know that you, irrespective of your knowledge of space exploration, can be on a crew that travels to Mars not more than a decade from now? Imagine, you will be one among thousands who represent our planet in a place millions of miles away. Does that sound cool? It probably does. However, I’d like to be a harbinger and give you some inside information on life on Mars.

Seeing as how ambitious and evolving we are, it is possible that one day in the foreseeable future we establish a permanent colony on Mars. So, how will a day be like there? The Martian year is twice as long as Earth’s, but visitors would still experience winter and summer seasons thanks to the planet’s tilted axis. Explorers would be treated to some mind-blowing sights, with vast canyons, giant mountains and sand dunes. The Martian air has a permanent veil of dust, giving the daytime sky an orange tinge although sunrise and sunset would be blue. Ice clouds similar to the cirrus clouds we see on Earth complete this otherworldly landscape. But apart from the scenic view, it is no resort beach.

Its atmosphere is very thin (only 1% as massive as our own), there is no liquid water and temperatures are distinctly chilly. On a nice balmy day down near the equator the surface temperature could get a little bit above freezing. The cold, coupled with a lack of oxygen, very low pressures and solar radiation would confine astronauts to their spacecraft or enclosed vehicles, with the occasional Mars-walk in their spacesuits. Since the air density is astonishingly low (1% as that of Earth’s) and also since Mars lacks a strong magnetic field, it cannot deflect harmful radiations. So basically all three necessities for life – food, water and shelter would be a humongous challenge to overcome.

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But hey, you get 40 minutes extra every day. Maybe that compensates for it after all.

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The Big Bang Theory (Not the serial)

You know why I love Astronomy and Physics? Astronomy keeps reminding us how insignificant we all are, how insignificant our problems are and how there are things going on which is much greater than us and out of our control, for we are but a tiny speck in the infinite Cosmos.

And Physics takes an effort to explain everything that is happening around us, all the natural phenomena, among which the creation of the universe is one of the most sought after discovery which is stlll in progress.

If you’re an avid lover too, you must definitely check out this blog, maintained by Phil Plait, famously known as the BadAstronomer. You can get up-to-date information served to you in a colloquial manner. Also here is another page to check out, updated with latest information regarding science, astronomy and technology.

 

Nowadays when you say ‘Big bang theory’ you get responses such as ‘Oh I love Sheldon’, ‘Howard is so funny’, ‘Leonerd looks like a nerd’. A theory which explains the origin of our entire species from nothing has been thoroughly overshadowed by a sitcom. Oh, But definitely an enjoyable one.

The Bible explains how we came into existence with a simple answer : God created us. The first line literally starts with ‘In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth’. That’s an easy way out don’t you think? Fortunately we have had some pretty mind-blowing thinkers such as Edwin Hubble, Carl Sagan, Steohen Hawking, Albert Einstein, etc who decided to take the rough path and find out the actual truth instead of building up a facade of lies.

 

The ancient Greeks recognized that it was difficult to imagine what an infinite universe might look like. But they also wondered that if the universe were finite, and you stuck out your hand at the edge, where would your hand go? The Greeks’ two problems with the universe represented a paradox – the universe had to be either finite or infinite, and both alternatives presented problems.

 

Gravity being an adamant puller, anybody would expect the universe to keep shrinking, But Edwin Hubble, an astronomer at Caltech, in 1929 proved that wrong  by his critical discovery that the universe is in fact expanding and not contracting. He observed a Cepheid variable star(one that could determine distances of galaxies) over a period of months and finally came to the conclusion. For more information, look here. Meanwhile, other physicists and mathematicians working on Einstein’s theory of gravity discovered the equations had some solutions that described an expanding universe. In these solutions, the light coming from distant objects would be redshifted as it traveled through the expanding universe. The red shift would increase with increasing distance to the object.

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Also another notion was that, since the universe must have been insanely hot in the beginning, it would have emitted radiation, whose remnants should still be present since the universe is assumed to be isotropic and homogeneous. And this in fact turned out to be true when Scientists discovered it in the 1940’s, and named it the CMB(Cosmic microwave background).

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Discoveries in astronomy and physics have shown beyond a reasonable doubt that our universe did in fact have a beginning. This theory is a strenuous effort taken not to explain how we originated(a common misinterpretation), but to explain how we developed from a tiny, dense state. It is difficult and daunting to imagine a time 13.7 billion years ago, When we were nothing but.. Well nothing. Our entire universe existed as a singularity. What is a ‘Singularity‘? We don’t quite know for sure. Singularities are zones which defy our current understanding of physics. They are thought to exist at the core of “black holes”.

 

As you all are aware of, the treacherous ‘Black Holes’ are areas of intense gravitational pressure. The pressure is thought to be so intense that finite matter is actually squished into infinite density (a mathematical concept which truly boggles your mind). These infinite density zones are known as Singularities. Our universe is thought to have begun as an infinitesimally small, infinitely hot, infinitely dense, something – a singularity.

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A common misconception is that the Big bang is an explosion. Fortunately, it’s not. It’s an expansion that has spanned over billions of years.

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What was the universe like at the beginning of the big bang? According to the theory, it was extremely dense and extremely hot. There was so much energy in the universe during those first few moments that matter as we know it couldn’t form. But it kept expanding relentlessly and that helped it to cool down and matter started to take shape while radiation began losing energy. In a few seconds the universe went from being nothing(a singularity actually) to something that stretched across space.

 

The four fundamental forces that we know of now were formed at that instant. A better word would be ‘segregated’, as they were all unified initially under the Grand Unified Theory. Because of certain unmistakable limitations of laws of science, we can’t take a random guess at the first second of the creation. But we’re close. Scientists are able to go as far as t=1×10^(-43), where ‘t’ represents the time after the creation. The study of these phenomena’s are known as quantum cosmology, as these vehemently defy the laws of classical physics.

 

At t = 1 x 10-43 seconds, the universe was incredibly small, dense and hot. This homogenous area of the universe spanned a region of only 1 x 10-33 centimeters (3.9 x 10-34 inches). Today, that same stretch of space spans billions of light years. As the universe expanded, it cooled. At around t = 1 x 10-35 seconds, matter and energy decoupled. Cosmologists call this baryogenesis — baryonic matter is the kind of matter we can observe. In contrast, we can’t observe dark matter, but we know it exists by the way it affects energy and other matter. A period of particle cosmology followed the quantum age. This period starts at t = 1 x 10-11 seconds. This is a phase that scientists can recreate in lab conditions with particle accelerators.

Next came the period of standard cosmology, which begins .01 second after the beginning of the big bang. From this moment on, scientists feel they have a pretty good handle on how the universe evolved. The universe continued to expand and cool, and the subatomic particles formed during baryogenesis began to bond together. They formed neutrons and protons. By the time a full second had passed, these particles could form the nuclei of light elements like hydrogen (in the form of its isotope, deuterium), helium and lithium. This process is known as nucleosynthesis. But the universe was still too dense and hot for electrons to join these nuclei and form stable atoms.

So that’s a pretty nifty one second! But then comes the next 13 billion years.

After 100 seconds, the universe’s temperature cooled to 1 billion degrees Kelvin (1 billion degrees Celsius, 1.8 billion degrees Fahrenheit). By mass, the distribution of elements was approximately 75 percent hydrogen nuclei and 24 percent helium nuclei.

For the next 100 million years or so, the universe continued to expand and cool. Small gravitational fluctuations caused particles of matter to cluster together. Gravity caused gases in the universe to collapse into tight pockets. As gases contract, they become more dense and hot. Some 100 to 200 million years after the initial creation of the universe, stars formed from these pockets of gas.

Stars began to cluster together to form galaxies. Eventually, some stars went supernova. As the stars exploded, they ejected matter across the universe. This matter included all the heavier elements we find in nature (everything up to uranium). That’s where the famous quote by Carl Sagan originated “We all are made up of star-stuff”.

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Coming to today, the temperature of the universe is 2.725 degrees Kelvin, which is only a couple of degrees above absolute zero. The homogeneous section of the universe we can theorize about reaches 1 x 10^29 centimeters across, which is a humongous number which is beyond anyone’s imagination.

 

And still our universe keeps expanding. But there are three models which were formed – The Open, Closed and Flat. For the last eighty years, astronomers have been making increasingly accurate measurements of two important cosmological parameters: Ho – the rate at which the universe expands – and – the average density of matter in the universe. Knowledge of both of these parameters will tell which of the three models- Flat, Open or Closed, describes the universe we live in, and thus the ultimate fate of our universe.

Although the theory efficiently answers many questions, it also raises as many. And although we feel like we’ve discovered a lot, there are still questions hovering about whose answers we’re unable to find. What happened before singularity? Where did it come from? What will be the fate of our universe? Are there multiple universes? Will a collision between universes occur?

Yet that is the beautiful difference between Science and Religion. Religion claims something and let’s it hanging in the air without any support. But Science puts forth its theory and carries the burden of the evidence. Even if the theories pan out to be wrong, it comes up with a new one and the process goes on evolving.

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To me, Science is the best religion!

 

 

Surely you must be kidding.

Did you know it has been proven that your soul is immortal? Yes! I would never kid about such issues. Take a look if you are skeptical – http://gita.brainhungry.com/is-the-soul-immortal/

Sir Isaac Newton, renowned Physicist and Mathematician, President of the Royal Society, owner of 9 esteemed awards, worked for years performing and trying to perfect alchemy, transforming metal to gold, and tried to find the elixir of life only to be shunned by the cruel gates of fate and reality. Whereas, verse 22 of Srimad Bhagavat Geeta says ‘Soul is immortal. Only body can be harmed. Soul maintains immortality at every instance’, hence it is obvious that we have inside us the elixir of life.

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Yes it was. Because, Spoiler Alert! Soul is indubitably and beyond the shadow of a doubt not immortal.

I’m not being irreverent or neither am i portraying disdain towards Bhagavat gita. I’m abiding by the facts. One thing that has always left me wondering is how Krishna preached the entire bhagavat gita on a battlefield. A battlefield! A place veiled with an atmosphere of hatred and animosity, with the animals ready to charge, weapons shining in the scorching sun, Victory ablaze in everyone’s eyes. As i was searching on this, I found a perfect site. Take a look at this – http://nirmukta.com/2011/12/02/more-truths-about-the-bhagavad-gita/ 

Even if you’re a staunch follower of the gita, this must have stirred some doubts inside of you.

Coming to the concept of eternal soul, Reverend Billy Graham, perhaps the most highly respected Christian evangelist in the world, made the following remarks concerning the human “soul” in his Louisville Kentucky Crusade:

Your eternal soul is the most valuable thing you possess.
You have a body, but living inside of you is your spirit or soul. And when a person dies, what happens? The soul goes on.
(Speaking on the value of the soul.)
First, it’s valuable because it’s eternal. It’s going to live forever. A million years from now, our soul will be living.
The body is the house, the soul is the tenant. But when the body dies, the soul lives on.
The good news is that God offers eternal life to every soul.

I beg your pardon, but if you already posses an eternal soul, then why should ‘God’ offer eternal life to every soul? When this question was put forth to Billy Graham Evangelistic Association, their reply had nothing to do with the prime question. They simply restated their beliefs, seamlessly stringing together words to make up sentences which on a superficial note seems convincing for the reader. 

The vast majority of Christian theologians believe and teach that man is born as an immortal, spiritual “soul” housed within a physical body. This creates an obvious problem as spiritual bodies do not feel pain. Hence,non-believers are blessed with a happy eternal life and their punishment is totally pain free! To solve this myth, the theologians created another, which states the non-believers will suffer the pain of burning alive for eternity when cast into hell fire. If an omnipotent God designed a system whereby all people who are not Christians will burn in the agony of hell fire for, then i demand them to explain the verse

… God is love.

Well, Surely then he wouldn’t stand by watching billions suffer everyday, would he?

I could go on and on contradicting the statements. But it’s not going to derail the followers from their sightless path laid with misconceptions and the final destination unknown.

Sometimes we blindly accept some non-facts just because it has been is rendered true by our ancestors and this becomes a tradition. What’s worse is, at the same time, we also blindly disregard actual facts because they contradict our belief system. And one famous misinterpretation that creationists have succeeded in preaching is that ‘Evolution is a fallacy’. It is outrageous when you hear such beliefs of people. Jerry A. Coyne in his novel ‘Why Evolution is True’ has beautifully explained and bridged the gap in your mind between your doubts and the truth.

 

The problem with us is that we do not like to pursue questions which requires thinking. Critical thinking. We are not the only ones at fault. We have been raised in an environment which feeds us with facts or fallacies which it’s familiar with already and shuns us from exploring new ideas, fearing it will contradict the contemporary ones. This has been going on for ages, and it has reached a point where we ourselves have instilled a callous attitude towards thinking. Thankfully, the last few centuries we’ve had people, people like Einstein, Newton, Halley, who dismissed the obstacles of their path and transgressed their thoughts to a new level.

If you have a doubt, your answer is just a click away. Although, internet is not reliable most of the times, it still helps you open your mind to the views of others, and let’s you look at things from their perspectives.

When you start doing that, that’s when your imagination trumps your beliefs. And as you know,

Imagination is better than knowledge

-Albert Einstein

 

 

 

 

 

Decide – Apples or oranges?

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Everyday we come across hundreds of circumstances where the situation demands us to choose one of any two. In some cases, such as whether or not you have to eat that decadent chocolate cup cake, it doesn’t involve much of squeezing your gray cells. You just ponder over it a minute, and finally choose to eat( Yes, this applies to all!). But in other supreme and career-changing type situations, your brain goes into a miserable and hopeless state infamously known as ‘dilemma’.

People always say ‘Do what your heart says’. But that line has no logicality. The only function your aortic pump can do without any mistake(most of the times) is contract atrium, squeeze in blood, and contract your ventricles. And it does this every day, every second without showing fatigue. Nonetheless, the decisions that you take everyday has nothing to with your heart.

It’s all taking place in that 1.4 kilogram of squishy yet massive glob of yours. Every thought, fear, worry, languish, misery, joy, anger, elation, and every decision that you have ever made till now has been a consequence of your brain. How does it all magically work though? A recent study suggests that our brain much like a see-saw, goes back and forth between the two factors- risk versus reward.

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“Cognitive control and value-based decision-making tasks appear to depend on different brain regions within the frontal cortex,” says Jan Glascher, a professor at Caltech university. Let me clarify that with a very lively day-to-day example. You go to a grocery store, and there your valuation network is always providing you with information about what’s rewarding around you — the things you want to buy — but also lots of distracting things like junk food and other items popping into your vision off the shelves. In such situations, cognitive control is what keeps you on hold. Whatever distractions the situation throws at you, you need to keep your goal fixed in mind, march out to the checkout counter and be done with it.

But this is not case with people having psychotic disorder. Depressed and miserable people find it much strenuous to come to a decision cause nothing seems anticipating to them. Everything appears equally bleak and renders decision making impossible. Any medical fact is baseless without a survey. And sure enough, the researchers conducted a survey on 350 patients affected with lesions in specific places. Whilst this was happening, neurologists from university of Iowa combined the study of more than 30 years. The researchers found that damage to a region known as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) appears to profoundly affect cognitive control. The study suggests that the dlPFC forms a network with the anterior cingulate cortex, together keeping focus, switching it when appropriate to the task, and looking for erroneous choices in order to correct them.

Yeah, I know that was a  verbiage of words. To make it simple and understandable, the researchers mean that, damage to dIPFC will refrain you to switch from one category to another.

To make it more coherent,

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Say out loud the name of the ‘COLOR’ of each word, and not the word itself.

It’s quite troublesome,isn’t it? But if you find it entirely impossible, then i would suggest you go to a doctor.

There are totally two prominent networks bearing all these decision making chaos. The cognitive control and the valuation. If either of them go offline, impulsive behaviour gets stronger. They both need to attain a perfect reinforcing balance for your brain to function, properly.

Having a strong grip of this concept will help doctors aid psychiatric patients and simultaneously help cognitively healthy folks who constantly deal with onslaught of distractions that typifies our modern life.

Or you could you know, solve it all with a magic 8 ball. It’s totally your decision!

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Burden of Proof – A hefty burden indeed!

Dictionary defines ‘Burden of proof’ as

A duty placed upon a civil or criminal defendant to prove or disprove a disputed fact.”

I disprove of this definition. Firstly because, burden of proof does not apply only to civil or criminal defendant  but to you, me and everybody else(Including ‘God’, but let me come to that later).

And secondly, this incoherent definition does not state on whom the burden of proof lies. Hence, the entire concept has been misinterpreted. So let me shine a bit of light on it.

Let’s say, I put forward this statement to you- ‘There are a bunch of 10 meerkats residing in Jupiter for the past 5 years, partying and drinking booze’. Can you refute me? No. Even though you know that my statement is impossible and utter gibberish, yet you can’t prove me wrong. Investigating my claim would be beyond the limits of current technology. But does that make my ‘claim’ a fact? Is that good enough reason to believe it?
If we adopt this approach to develop facts, we could come up with countless fantastic claims with no way whatsoever of investigating. And you can dismiss any kind of skepticism with a chorus of ‘You can’t prove me wrong!’. Do you find the loophole here? Yes! This is because the burden of proof is dumped on the person in the receiving end, wherein it should be carried by the preacher. Hence, when someone makes a claim, the obligation lies with them to prove it, and not with the skeptic to prove it wrong. Do not mistake me thinking i’am introducing a new set of rules and dogma’s here. Look at scientists. Unless they have a solid supporting evidence to back them up on their unconfirmed thesis, they are regarded as nothing more than lunatics.

And no article is ever complete unless we bring up the most-debated and crippling topic of ‘Existence of God – fallcy or reality’. One very interesting answer was given by Evangelical Pastor Douglas Wilson when asked to give the proof for the existence of God. He denied his burden of proof. When asked ‘Who then, do you think carries it?’, He coolly replied ‘I believe the one who denies the self-evident fact that god exists’. But do you see the incoherence of his reply? If he believes that it is a self-evident fact, then there would be no one denying it!
And from the above context, don’t prejudice me to be an atheist because of my skeptical remark. Along the same lines, I’am no theist either. The closest that i would reach to identify myself as someone is a ‘pantheist’ – A person who believes that the universe is identical with divinity. A person who has intolerance to many gods. 

The next most prominent question to be asked is regarding the creation of the Universe. If you had any scientific and astronomical knowledge, you wouldn’t have though of the word ‘God’. But the preachers bluntly accept this. But it doesn’t work that way. Your divinity doesn’t get you a free pass. Like any of other being, you have to back it up with an evidence. And even if monotheism is accepted, you have a long upcoming list of limitless opponents who believe in polytheism. Saying a god created doesn’t make it true, neither does poetic preachings. Gods and poetry bring us no closer to the actual answer. And rejecting it doesn’t imply that I have all the answers with me.

Some claim that during a debate of ‘Existence of divinity’, since the skeptics do not have a counter-argument against the arguments put forth by the preachers, the veracity edges over to their side. This is, again, wrong. When the preachers put forth their claims, the opponent can easily shoot them all down with relevant and acceptable facts, which, far from having to concede the debate, the opponent has proved that the preacher has no case. Hence, at the end, the opponent has no reason to change his/her stand, whereas the preacher with no arguments left with him/her, does.

The problem here is that, the theists are so deeply embedded in their beliefs that they do not understand how bizarre it seems to the outisde world. If shouldering the burden of proof is too much for you, you can always withdraw your claim. But instead people generally resort to double standards, which is just another way of stating the fact that they are playing the victim. And generally, they resort to accomplish this by one of the most transparent ways in which they frame themselves as people who ‘lack belief in the non-existence of god’. But, trying to convert a claim into a non-claim by aping the position of sceptic doesn’t give you warrant to live outside the law of justification.

In the past, almost all the religions have tried to demonize questions and in the gradual process, have developed a complacency of not answering them. But, as time has passed, evolution has trumped creationism, and pragmatism has trumped religious preachings, and now more than ever in the information age, too many of us are getting to know what’s going on behind the curtain.

Meeting a burden of proof isn’t always easy, but without people volunteering to put forth claims and having evidence to support it, our education would be at a standstill. Supernatural claim makers somehow believe that they are an exception to this rule. And in an educational world like ours, their pleading will be increasingly occulted by the actual facts.

Extraordinary claims require extraordinary burden of proof. But however, when the claim-maker doesn’t take it seriously, it relieves us of the burden of taking his/her claim seriously.

On another note, we always talk about people being ‘mentally strong’. The following link has one of the best and most apt description I’ve ever come across – http://www.endoriot.com/2014/03/13-things-mentally-strong-people-dont-do.html

 

 

Science – Weird, But makes you Wonder.

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Look around you. I bet you can see at least a hundred scientific phenomena occurring every minute, starting with, the miracle of sight, which is a spectacular phenomena in which your tiny 2.4 centimeter eyeball engulfs the light that has traveled through the cosmo for over 149,600,000 kilometers from the hot, fiery burning ball we call our Sun.

Sometimes, your mind runs out of topics. Sometimes, my thoughts are stars that i cannot extend into constellations. It occurred to me today. And when i confessed this to a friend of mine, he suggested i look up Richard Dawkins ‘Why the Universe seems so strange’. For the people who haven’t watched it yet, it’s just a click away – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1APOxsp1VFw

It was a coherent, articulated and mind-opening TED talk. Yes of course, all the TED talks are a feast to the ears, but this one inspired me. I started thinking how we have trained our mind to look at and decipher the things the way that we want to see, rather than how we should see. As he rightly pointed out, we perceive that a rock is hard, and it can’t be crushed with your hand, because its solid. But for an energetic neutrino inside the rock, it sees nothing but space. Space so enormous and astounding that it could never perceive it as something that is unbreakable.

Science is weird. Steve Grand was right in saying that the childhood that you think you were there in, Well sorry to break the news, but you weren’t actually there. Not a single atom present in your body right this instant was present at that time. Matter never ceases to flow. Molecules never stop travelling. Atoms never stop reviving. When you take a sip of water, there is a fair probability that a molecule in your water that your gulping down right now was drunk by, say, a hadrosaurus 150 years ago. Science is never stable. The planet that we encroach in right now, which has been striving and evolving for the past 4.5 billion years, was thought to be flat not a few centuries ago, until Ferdinand Magellan went out on an expedition in 1519 to be the first man to circumnavigate our giant planet. (Yet there are still some religions that are oblivion to this epic fact, pardon me for not mentioning the name).

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But yet, Science is one beautiful word, that makes everybody wonder. Nobody knows what happened before the Big Bang-how the atoms came together to collide, Nobody knows why the Universe is accelerating(Yes, its because of Dark matter and energy but it hasn’t been clear yet), and nobody knows whether these ubiquitous queries will ever be answered. But that driving force, the curiosity of finding the truth, yearning to know the answer, and that ‘eureka’ moment  is what leads the scientists through the road less taken.  After all, no matter how joyous or how hopeless the destination is, the journey will always be the best part.

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And if you want proof of just how astounding Science is, you don’t need to google ‘Mind blowing Science facts’. Yes ofcourse, you will get to see a surplus amount of links containing jaw-opening facts. But, really, you don’t need any of that. Being amazed by Science is pretty simple. t’s all around you. Go lie on a grass and glance up at the night sky. Now experience the waking realization that you’re stuck to a rock that’s 12,756 km wide, spinning at a speed of 460 m/s, orbitting a giant unrelenting ball of fire at 30 km/sec and along with that fiery ball and the rest of the solar system, you are orbiting a giant Black Hole at 220 km/sec.

Oh it doesn’t end there, look up closely. You see hundreds and thousands of small twinkling as well as non-twinkling white spots, some bright some dull, night after night occupying the same positions. These tiny stars that you see are really not so tiny.  They are gigantic. If you believe the Earth is huge, try picturing a 1000 earth’s put together. That’s the optimum size of a star. They appear as tiny dots because they are so, so far away. The brightest of these stars, Sirius, which belongs to Canis Major, is 8.6 light years away from us. To magnify it’s remoteness, it is 81,356,000,000,000 km away from us. There! Now you get it, don’t you? So the light that enters your eye and enables you to discern these stars and planets has started its journey from Sirius 8.6 years ago. So whatever you’re seeing in the sky right now is not real. It’s not the truth. It’s hard to believe yet its true.

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So you don’t need internet or a scientist to ramble on about the wonders of Science. All you need to do is look around. And loop up, for there is nothing more the Universe wants than to be astonished at.

“The most beautiful experience we can have is the mysterious – the fundamental emotion which stands at the cradle of true art and true science.” 
― Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein